Facts About Postmenopausal Osteoporosis

What is osteoporosis? This is a condition in which the bone experiences   a gradual loss of bone density. It makes bones fragile and weak thus increasing the risk of fracture. Postmenopausal osteoporosis occurs mostly in women who have reached the menopause stage, that is, women ranging from 51-75 years but can equally occur earlier or later. The disease is mainly brought about due to lack of a primary hormone, estrogen which activates bone formation in women.

Remodeling is the continuous breaking down and rebuilding of bones in adults. Before 30 years of age the mass of bones gradually increases due active build up than break down of bones. In women the bone building process is effected by the estrogen and is achieved most in their 20,s  gradually deteriorates  in their 30,s. Bone loss in women is accelerated  after  menopause due to lack of  estrogen  formation . This defect reduces the ability of women to form new bones. According to research women in the menopause stage experience up to 2 % lose of bone mass especially during their initial 3-6 years after menopause.

For many years we have known that there are differences of postmenopausal osteoporosis are not same to every woman. Asian and white women are at greater risk of getting osteoporosis than the Black and Hispanic women. Women who are thin women are particularly more susceptible to the disease because they got smaller bones than women who are heavy, even in their 20s their bones are at their strongest stage. Secondly, thin women have less fat compared to heavier women. It’s believed that a woman having fat tissue activates estrogen faster than the thin women. So, women having less fat have a less ability to activate estrogen.

New statistics reveal that the incidence of this infection among postmenopausal women is rising. For example, it is approximated that this disease affects seventy five million older women in Europe, Japan and U.S.  In the U.S.A, an estimated thirty million older women have osteoporosis. Each year, 1.5 million bone mass fractures occur in United States of America, and the health care costs associated with the fractures are estimated to be $18 billion per year. Almost half of all women and a third of men age 50 and above will suffer an osteoporosis fracture in the remaining lifetime. Osteoporosis and low bone mass is believed to be a major public health calamity for 44 million Americans who are aged 50 and above. By the year 2010, that number is expected to rise to over 50 million people.

Although postmenopausal osteoporosis is one of the silent diseases, it exhibits symptoms namely fractures of the hip, arm and vertebrate. In U.S, osteoporosis hip fractures account for 300, 000 hospitalized victims each year. This is bout 20% of postmenopausal women who suffer a hip fractures and die within a year.

Without doubt, the new statistics shows an epidemic of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. In U S, 30 million women have low bone mass or osteoporosis. By 2010, the disease is predicted to be a major public health treat.

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