Osteoporosis Back Pain: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Osteoporosis is a bone disease that results to an increase risk of bone fracture or weakening of the bone. Osteoporosis back pain is mostly found in adults though it can affect both men and women of all ages. The bone structure weakens and the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced.

What Are The Causes Of Osteoporosis Back Pain?

Osteoporosis is most common in women who have reached menopause. This high risk factor results from lack of the hormone estrogen that is produced by the ovaries. The estrogen is a major contributing factor of strengthening bones in women hence the women who have reached menopause are at a high risk. This particular disease in women is classified as primary type 1or postmenopausal osteoporosis.

As age increases, both men and women are at a high risk of getting osteoporosis back pain since the bone weakens and is lost as you age. Osteoporosis affecting the aging people is referred to as primary type 2 or senile osteoporosis.

The third type of osteoporosis is referred to as secondary osteoporosis. This type will affect any age and any sex. This form of osteoporosis is caused by a number of factors which include medications such as corticosteroids and prolonged use of glucorticoids. It is also caused by bad eating habits like eating disorder (anorexia) which leads to malnutrition. Women exercising excessively are at a high risk of getting secondary osteoporosis since they lose their menstrual cycle resulting to lack of estrogen production.

You may also have a high risk of getting Osteoporosis back pain if your family has a history of the same condition. If you have an elderly relative with a bone fracture or a parent with a hip fracture, then you are at a high risk of getting the same problem. Also people who are skinny and small boned may get osteoporosis since their bone structure is weak.

Certain chronic diseases and lifestyle factors may contribute to lose of bone. The diseases that may lead to this condition include celiac diseases and Crohn’s disease. Excessive smoking and drinking of alcohol should be avoided.

Lack of exercise may result to lose of bone mass since the bone is getting weakened. Individuals who exercise have strong bones which are healthy. People who do not exercise are at higher risk of developing this condition whether male or female.

What Are The Symptoms Of Osteoporosis Back Pain?

Weak bones tend to bend and they can fracture if put under pressure. A hip fracture or spine is a symptom of osteoporosis. Some fractures may go unnoticed for years since they do not inflict any pain. But a fracture of the spine around the vertebral column is painful and it will lead to a deformed posture.

A back pain while doing house chores or simple activities is another symptom. You may sneeze, laugh or make small movements and feel the pain. This is also a sign that you may be having osteoporosis.  Loss of height or a stooped posture like slouching is also another symptom.

How Is Osteoporosis Diagnosed?

Diagnosis of osteoporosis can be done by measuring the bone mineral density (BMD) .measuring of bone mineral density is a common diagnosis especially if you are old or have a high risk of getting the disease.  The diagnosis is done by a method known as dual energy x-ray absorption (DEXA). If you have an underlying problem resulting to loss of bone, this method is used alongside with a blood test.

A CT scan or MRI scan is useful since they detect the complications inflicted on the bone structure. This scans show a fractured vertebra or any thinning and weakening of the bone. Screening of women at the age of 65 and above is also recommended.

How Is Osteoporosis Treated?

Treatment of osteoporosis mainly focuses on how to prevent it. Prevention measures such as medication and change of lifestyle should be considered. You should have an intake of calcium and vitamin D to strengthen your bones. Regular exercise is also required to prevent osteoporosis back pain.

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